30+ Formative Assessment Strategies

Formative assessment was brought to the educational forefront by Paul Black and Dylan William in 1998 when they conducted a meta-analysis on formative assessment (Popham, 2008). After examining 681 publications and thoroughly analyzing 250, these researchers concluded that “the consistent feature across the variety of these examples [was] that they all [showed] that attention to…

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The Skinny on Cooperative Learning

Here’s the skinny on cooperative learning. First, it differs from flexible grouping. Flexible groups work to develop a skill; cooperative groups work together to complete a task. COOPERATIVE FLEXIBLE Heterogeneous                Homogeneous  Shared Task Skill Attainment  Student-Led Teacher-Led  Roles & Responsibilities Practice/Rehearsal  Changes by teacher-design Changes as skills are mastered…